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Periungual pyogenic granuloma-like lesions due to capecitabine
How to cite this article: Ramamoorthy L, Somasundaram A, Monisha GA. Periungual pyogenic granuloma-like lesions due to capecitabine. CosmoDerma 2023;3:150.
A 50-year-old female presented with painful reddish lesions over the right index and middle finger for the past 1 week. The patient is a known case of metastatic pancreatic carcinoma for the past 2 years and was on gemcitabine and nabpaclitaxel for 18 months. Since there was no adequate response, the patient was changed to capecitabine, which helps in metastatic or unresectable, locally advanced pancreatic cancer. The patient has been taking oral capecitabine 1000 mg/m2 twice daily as intermittent therapy in 3-week cycles of 2 weeks of treatment followed by 1 week without treatment. Cutaneous examination revealed a tender, reddish raised lesion over the radial aspect of the right index and middle finger periungual region, which bleeds on touch [Figure 1]. Palms and soles showed erythema with mild scaling and fissuring suggestive of hand and foot syndrome [Figure 2a and b]. Based on the history and examination, a diagnosis of capecitabine-induced pyogenic granuloma/pyogenic granuloma-like lesions was diagnosed.
Capecitabine is a prodrug of fluorouracil used for breast, gastrointestinal, and laryngeal cancers. Hand and foot syndrome is the common cutaneous side effect of capecitabine in 50% of the patients, and pyogenic granuloma is rarely reported. Pyogenic granulomas are benign eruptive hemangiomas commonly found in the proximal nail fold in the periungual region, usually due to minor trauma. Drugs such as retinoids, protease inhibitors, and epidermal growth factor inhibitors are commonly associated with pyogenic granuloma and rarely reported with capecitabine. There are only a few cases of pyogenic granuloma-like lesions reported with capecitabine and seen after 2–5 months of starting the drug. Autophagy of endothelial cells due to increased expression of LC-3 and Atg-5 in endothelial cells may be associated with the pathogenesis of capecitabine-induced pyogenic granuloma/ pyogenic granuloma-like lesions. This report presents a concise case report concerning pyogenic granuloma-like lesions in the periungual area attributed to the use of capecitabine.
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