Lymphangioma circumscriptum under the dermatoscope
How to cite this article: Srivastava P, Khunger N. Lymphangioma circumscriptum under the dermatoscope. CosmoDerma 2022;2:63.
A 6-year-old girl presented with multiple, asymptomatic, fluid-filled lesions, on the right arm since early childhood. Examination revealed multiple, discrete, 0.2–0.3 mm, clear fluid-filled, and hemorrhagic vesicles, present in clusters, over right cubital fossa [Figure 1a]. Dermatoscopy showed multiple white, red, and blue, round to oval lacunae; separated by white lines [Figure 1b]. Some of the lacunae showed color transition; red at the bottom and white at the top [Figure 1c]. Based on history, examination, and dermatoscopy, a diagnosis of lymphangioma circumscriptum was made.
Lymphangioma circumscriptum is a congenital microcystic lymphatic malformation. The white lacunae on dermatoscopy represent lymphatic fluid whereas the red lacunae represent the presence of red blood cells in the dilated lymphatic channels. The blue lacunae represent thrombosis within the lacuna. The color transition in lacunae, called as the two-tone lacunae or the half-and-half lacunae or the hypopyon sign, is due to the sedimentation of blood in the dilated lymphatic channels.
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